How Islam Arrived Somalia
Prior to the arrival of Islam in Somalia, it’s indigenous inhabitants are believed to have adhered to a system of belief which comprised of assorted entities who had been ruled by a single and highly recognised and effective deity known as Eebe, who was commonly called as Waaq. He was endowed with the traditional title of faith known as ‘Eebe Waaq’ all this are the Somalia people in pre Islamic Era.
Their spiritual temples and place of worship had been referred to as ‘Xeero ’nonetheless for super ceremonial occasions, the traditional Somalis would attend the ‘Taalo’ the place where the necessary rituals had been performed underneath the steering of priest referred to as ‘Wadad’.Pre-Islamic Somali people use to worship a hierarchy of spirits with the sky god, Waaq, on the prime.
The faith of Eebe Waaq have been comprised of following key figures:
Above all deities and entities within the faith of Eebe Waaq :- He was the mighty Waaq who presided over the affairs of humanity, it was he that the traditional individuals of Somalia honoured above all others, they attributed to him the creation of mankind for the only objective of praising and venerating him.
According to classical Somalian perception the mighty Waaq lived in heaven and every time the nomads pray for rain it was referred to as ‘Barwaaqo’ which is known as God of Rain. Besides Waaq, the traditional individuals of Somalia additionally honoured the ‘Ayaanle’ who’re believed to have been good spirits who mediated between people and god they have been prayed as connecting between man and god. They had been conveyors and angels despatched to protect the humanity.
There was additionally an angel of loss of life known as ‘Hurr’ by Somalians, he was thought of as messenger of destruction, depicted within the image of a big flying bird. He is compared to Horus of ancient Greek mythology as he played almost the similar role in Greek culture.
With the passage of time the traditional faith of Eebe integrated the idea of retribution, justice and punishment dedicated by human kind. The conveyor of such punishment was known as ‘Nidar’.Also seen as protector of weak or oppressed. Nidar have survived in the sayings of modern day Somalia as; Nidar Ba Ku Heli, which means he will identify the wrong doers and punish them according to the sin they have committed.
Somalian mythology contains a belief system comprised of myths, the stories of legends and folk tales by locals circulating in Somali society which have been passed down to generations in a timeline spanning thousands of years. Many of the issues that represent Somali mythology as we speak are traditions whose accuracy have light away with time or have reworked significantly with the approaching of Islam to the Horn of Africa.
Somalian mythology is abundantly rich with heroic and saintly tales of women and men who were the defiant of cultural traditions of it. One of the prime was Amel Ali (Queen) who was a legendary queen in historical Somalia who is claimed to be the quickest woman of her time. Another was the tale of Wiilwaal (King) who was a legendary king in historic. One of the prime was Amel Ali (Queen) who was a legendary queen in historical Somalia who is claimed to be the quickest woman of her time. Another was the tale of Wiilwaal (King) who was a legendary king of Somalia he was recognized for his bravery and abilities in battle.
The tales of legendary king Bucur Bacayr of the Yibirs in northern Somalia is very famous among people there were also stories of Arraweelo (Queen) who was a legendary and queen, who empowered women’s rights, by making them cease their ‘womanly’ duties, which made the lads realise their want for ladies. Many areas of Somalia have cities or particular areas whose names corroborate the tales informed in Somali mythology. Waaq in itself is a Somali phrase and are used to call locations comparable to Abudwaaq (“Worshiper of God”), Ceel Waaq (“Well of God”), waaq-ooyi(“north God”) and different related cities with the identification of Waaq in it recommend a relation to the previous Waaq worship practiced within the Horn. The Tomb of Arawelo is one other well-liked mythological place in Somalia stated to be the ultimate resting place of Queen Arawelo. In trendy occasions, it’s thought-about a vital place for Somali women.
There were also the concepts of demon and giants prevalent among pre- Islamic somalin community, it was believed that a giant Habbad who was cruel and oppressive towards the people who was later defeated by Biriir, who was also a giant but he was known for his heroic acts and kindness towards humanity .other giants whose names are mentioned in folks are Qoris-Ismaris, Dhegdheer and Coowlay.
Though there is not much written evidences of pre-Islamic Somalian society, the caves found by various archaeologists suggests that they were nomadic herders and were very much connected with nature hence their concepts of gods and demons also comes from their belief in the power of nature as god in different forms.
Islam was launched to the northern Somali coast early from the Arabian Peninsula, shortly after the hijra. Zeila’s two-mihrab Masjid al-Qiblatayn dates to the seventh century, and is the oldest mosque within the metropolis. In the late ninth century, Al-Yaqubi wrote that Muslims had been residing alongside the northern Somali sea boarder.
Today, 99 % of Somali residents are Sunni Muslim and 1 % are Christian. Before Somalia grew to become a Muslim nation, the indigenous inhabitants worshipped many gods. Contemporary Somalis proceed to include historic theology into their spiritual practices as we speak.
The tradition of venerating saints and the survival of a number of spiritual places of work in fashionable Somalia present that previous traditions of the area’s historic previous had a big influence on Islam and Somali literature in later centuries. Similarly, practitioners of conventional Somali drugs and astronomy additionally adhere to remnants of a previous cultural perception hope you learnt something about the arrival of Islam in Somalia.