Introducing Sikhism As A Religion
Today in this topic we will introduce the origin of Sikhism to our readers and help them understand the origin along with the following stages that the followers of the faith went through. The faith had to go through several obstacles that made its followers a lot stronger.
The chronological order of the faith goes as; preaching, militarization, the Khalsa stage, stage after the gurus, and their fight with the British. After this, there were several more stages which will be covered in the later articles.
The seeds of Sikhism were sown in the sub-continent back in 1500 CE. This was when Guru Nanak began preaching a faith that was alien to the people of the area which is called Punjab nowadays. In the beginning, it was looked like just another sect in Hinduism. However, the faith he started preaching was different than the significant religions in that area at that time. The two main religions at that time were Islam and Hinduism.
The tree of Sikhism kept growing as the generation went on. The descendants of the followers kept adding on to the number of followers. From the time of Guru Nanak till present, nine Gurus have followed his tradition. They worked tirelessly to enhance Sikhism and develop its followers throughout the centuries. It is because of their effort that the faith has still life in it.
The first 4 Gurus in Sikhism played a vital role in the development of Sikhism. The Guru Nanak’s faith was well established by the time of the fifth Guru named Guru Arjan. It was at the time of Guru Arjan when the faith took a sharp turn. It was his time when Amritsar city was established as the capital of the Sikh world. The first Sikh authorized scripture, Adi Granth, was compiled at the time of Guru Arjan.
At the time Guru Arjan, the faith was seen as a threat to the state of Mother India. Therefore, Guru Arjan was executed for the cause in 1606. It was after his death, the sixth Guru whose name was Hargobind realized that his community needs to be militarized to resist any sort of oppressional powers. Sikhs had to involve themselves in several battles in order to preserve their faith.
On The Origin Of Sikhism, the Sikhs were relatively living peaceful with most of the political rulers at that time. It was until the time of Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, who is said to have used the power of the sword to spread the word of Islam. The ninth Guru, Tegh Bahadur, was arrested and later executed in 1675 by the orders of Aurangzeb.
The word Khalsa means ‘to be pure, to be clear, to be free from’. This was a group that was initiated by the Sikhs. People, in general, get confused with Sikhs and Khalsa Sikhs. The fact is there is no difference between them. Khalsa is a community in the Sikhs who had taken the Amrit and have joined Khalsa as soldiers to fight for the cause of Guru Nanak. They are always ready to give their heads away in the name of Guru Nanak.
The tenth Guru to take the thrown which originated at the time of Guru Nanak was named Guru Gobind Singh. It was he who recreated the military group of the Sikhs. The interesting fact about his works that is still appreciated in today’s world by a modern feminist is, that he also allowed women to take part and fight for the cause. The group was formed in 1699 and the only intention for the making of the group was to be able to defend the faith.
Gobind Singh was the last Guru from mankind. After him, Sikhs consider their scriptures as their Gurus. After the last human Guru till this date, Sikhs consider their Holy scripture as the only source of knowledge. Lastly, in his time, Gobind Sigh established ‘Khandey Di Pahul’ also known as the Sikh rite of initiation. This was a ceremony and as a conclusion to this, Sikhs came up with 5 Ks and this gives Sikhs their unique appearance. We talk about the ceremony in detail, later in this article.
The ceremony of Amrit
Those Sikhs who were a part of the Amrit Ceremony of Initiation also known as Amrit Sanskar became baptized and took new names. They wear the 5 Ks. The Amrit ceremony was introduced by the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. It was around the same time when he founded Khalsa in 1699.
A Sikh can be a part of this initiation rite only when they are old and mature enough to fully understand the commitment they have to keep up with. The fact that it considered the age factor was to make sure that a Sikh is making a choice of his own and he is not forced into this.
More about the ceremony:
It takes place before the Guru Granth Sahib in the Gurdwara. Along with Guru Granth Sahib, the 5 initiated Sikhs are present. Hymns are resighted during the ceremony. The Hymns are from the Sikh scripture. during the ceremony creators are said and the principles on which the structure of Sikhism stands are affirmed.
Amrit is a mixture of sugar and water. The mixture is stirred with a double-edged sword. Amrit is sprinkled on the eyes and the heads of the participants. The participants in the initiation drink Amrit from the same iron bowl. Then the participants recite the Mool Mantra, fundamental principles of Sikhism. There are also some readings from guru Granth sahib followed by an explanation of Sikhism. the candidates bid farewell to the ceremony with the eating of ceremonial Karah parshad. it is a sweet-tasting blessed food.
Now that we have talked about the origin of Sikhism in the subcontinent, The chronological order will continue in the upcoming articles. We hope that you guys found the article origin of Sikhism informative. if you have any questions regarding the history of any religion or faith, feel free to write us at the given email. we will be more than happy to answer your questions.